Marine environment legislation can be broadly divided into three categories:
The International Oil Pollution Compensation Funds (IOPC Funds) are three intergovernmental organisations (the 1971 Fund, the 1992 Fund and the Supplementary Fund) which provide compensation for oil pollution damage resulting from spills of persistent oil from tankers.
The International Maritime Organisation (IMO)is an agency of the United Nations established in 1948 by a convention which came into force in 1958. Today it has 158 Member States plus two Associate Members.
The Organisations chief task, especially in the early years, was to develop a comprehensive body of international conventions, codes and recommendations in the area of International shipping, particularly shipping safety, which could be implemented by all Member Governments.