As air transport globally has grown significantly in the last few decades, there has been an increased focus on the environmental impacts of air travel particularly noise and air quality.
A number of measures have been introduced in recent years to mitigate the adverse impact of air travel on the environment. At European level, Directive 2008/101/EC has been adopted to provide for the inclusion of aviation activities in the European Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). The Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government is leading on the transposition of this Directive into national law.
Directive 2006/93/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the regulation of the operation of aeroplanes covered by Part II, Chapter 3 , Volume 1 of Annex 16 (codified version)